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The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005


The Order came into force in October 2006, the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (commonly know as the RRO) places an emphasis towards risk reduction and fire prevention.


It requires employers, building occupiers and owners to identify and eliminate or control fire risks within their premises and to ensure is safe for everyone to use.


The Fire Safety Order applies to most places with very few exceptions, the main one being single private dwellings, i.e. your own home.



There is also a requirement that if you have any type of licence in force for your premises you must record your fire risk assessment. In particular, this will impact on responsible persons who own or operate any bars and restaurants that need a license under the Licensing Act 2003. it also includes any owners of houses in multiple occupation (HMO's) that are covered under the Housing Act 2004.


Where persons are employed to work, it is a requirement under the Fire Safety Order that a suitable and sufficient fire risk assessment is carried out by a nominated competent person. Where there are five or more employees, the findings of the fire risk assessment must be recorded in writing.



The log book contains fire safety advice as well as forms to record many aspects of your fire safety management, including:


• Fire exits

• Fire alarm tests

• Emergency lighting tests

• Fire extinguishers

• Fire evacuation drills and training

• Fire protective equipment etc.


Any log book demonstrating records of fire safety equipment and features should always be readily available. In particular for audit by any Fire Safety Officer that is employed by your local Fire and Rescue Service.

IN SUMMARY: What I must do to comply?

In order to comply with the Fire Safety Order you must:


Carry out a fire risk assessment identifying any possible dangers and risks.

Consider who may be at risk.

Remove or reduce the risk from fire as far as in reasonably possible and provide general fire precautions to deal with any possible remaining risks.

Take measures to ensure there is suitable protection if flammable or explosive materials are used or stored.


Create an emergency evacuation plan, exercise and audit as required.

Review your findings as necessary.



Who is responsible for meeting the Fire Safety Order?


Under the Fire Safety Order, anyone who has control of a premises or anyone who has a degree of control over certain areas or systems may be a " responsible person".


The managing agent or owner for shared parts of premises or shared fire safety equipment such as fire warning systems or sprinklers.

The occupier, such as self-employed people or voluntary organisations if they have any control, or


Any other person who has some control over a part of the premises.

For the vast majority of cases, the responsible person will be obvious. However, there may be times when a number of people have some responsibility.

How do I meet the Fire Safety Order?


The responsible person must carry out a fire risk assessment, or appoint a competent person to conduct the fire risk assessment on their behalf.


The Order differs from previous legislation in that you must consider everyone who might be on your premises, including employees, visitors etc. You must pay particular attention to people with special needs or a disability, those who may need extra/special help should a fire occur.


If your premises have been designed and built in accordance with existing Building Regulations, your structural fire precautions should be acceptable. A Fire risk assessment will assist to monitor, maintain and test all fire facilities for prevention and protection of fire.







LINKS: Here are some links to useful websites and resources.

Fire and Rescue Service

The Fire and Rescue Service work to; prevent deaths and injuries from fire, promote fire prevention, and respond to major national emergencies.


Torch Fire

Specialize in the supply and maintenance of fire extinguishers, blankets, emergency lighting and flood systems


Fire Safety Toolbox

Fire Safety Tools & Resources

National Fire Safety Centre Toolbox


Building Research Establishment

Fire Safety Guidance and Advice

Building Research Establishment

The Fire Protection Association is the UK’s national fire safety organisation.


Fire Equipment Advice

A resource for Fire Safety


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